Manufacturing and terahertz wave modulation properties of graphene/Y3Fe5O12/Si hybrid nanostructures
Zhang, Dainan, Lichuan Jin, Tianlong Wen, Yulong Liao, Qiye Wen, Huaiwu Zhang, and Qinghui Yang.
In this paper, graphene/Bi:YIG(50 nm)/p-Si hybrid nanostructured graphene field effect transistors (GFETs) were fabricated at the first time. A 50 nm Bi-doped Y3Fe5O12 (Bi: YIG) garnet film was deposited using a vacuum RF sputtering technique, forming a nanometer thick high-K gate layer. With reduced Coulomb impurity scattering and cavity effect, a significantly improved modulation depth of 15% and modulation speed of 200 kHz have been successfully achieved with the YIG based GFETs. Moreover, since YIG is a magnetic insulator, we characterized and discussed the possibility of magnetic control of these graphene/Bi:YIG/p-Si hybrid structured THz modulators. A 7% enhancement of THz transmittance with applying an in-plane 22 Oe magnetic field has been revealed in the hybrid nanostructure, which provides a new route to realize electrical/magnetic functional modulators. The results show that graphene/Y3Fe5O12/Si hybrid nanostructures with good THz modulation performances have great potential for THz nondestructive evaluation as well as imaging applications.