Dynamic Photoinduced Controlling of the Large Phase Shift of Terahertz Waves
Zhao, Yuncheng, Yaxin Zhang, Qiwu Shi, Shixiong Liang, Wanxia Huang, Wei Kou, and Ziqiang Yang. “Dynamic Photoinduced Controlling of the Large Phase Shift of Terahertz Waves via Vanadium Dioxide Coupling Nanostructures.” ACS Photonics 5, no. 8 (2018): 3040-3050.
Utilizing terahertz (THz) waves to transmit data for communication and imaging places high demands on phase modulation. However, until now, it is difficult to realize a more than 100° phase shift in the transmission mode with one-layer structure. In this paper, a ring-dumbbell composite resonator nested with VO2 nanostructures is proposed to achieve the large phase shift. It is found that in this structure a hybrid mode with an enhanced resonant intensity, which is coupled by the L-C resonance and dipole resonance has been observed. Applying the photoinduced phase transition characteristics of VO2, the resonant intensity of the mode can be dynamically controlled, which leads to a large phase shift in the incident THz wave. The dynamic experimental results show that controlling the power of the external laser can achieve a phase shift of up to 138° near 0.6 THz using this one-layer VO2 nested composite structure. Moreover, within a 55 GHz (575–630 GHz) bandwidth, the phase shift exceeds 130°. This attractive phase shift modulation may provide prospective applications in THz imaging, communications, and so on.