Influence of Al, Fe, and Cu on the microstructure, diffused reflectance, THz, and dielectric properties for ZnTiO3 nanocrystalline
Bakr, Ahmed M., Ali B. Abou Hammad, Ahmed R. Wassel, Amany M. El Nahrawy, and A. M. Mansour. “Influence of Al, Fe, and Cu on the microstructure, diffused reflectance, THz, and dielectric properties for ZnTiO3 nanocrystalline.” International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation 12, no. 2 (2021): 115-133.
Structural, diffused reflectance, THz, and dielectric features of perovskite ZnTiO3 (doped with 5 mol.% of Al, Cu, and Fe) prepared using the sol-gel and calcined at 800°C have been investigated. The Al, Cu, and Fe can replace the titanium ions and form sols solutions in the ZnTiO3 phase, and the spectroscopic and dielectric of the ZnTiO3 peaks changed with the dopant addition. X-ray diffraction patterns elucidate the creation of the ZnTiO3 rhombohedral phase, while the introduction of Al and Fe within the ZnTiO3 structure is composed of two phases identified as cubic phase Zn2TiO4 structure and TiO2 besides the rhombohedral of zinc-titanate. The various dopants induce a surface morphology modification observed by SEM. Diffusive reflection for ZnTiO3 doped Al, Cu, and Fe indicated higher transparent over the wavelength 400 nm which making them a choice as excellent transparent semiconductor oxides for different optoelectronic applications. The electric modulus has the least values nearly reach zero at low frequency denoting that a neglected contribution of electrode polarisation to the total polarisation. THz and dielectric performance of a material is closely related to its composition and microstructure.