Low-voltage driven graphene-loaded metal wire grating device in total internal reflection geometry for broadband THz modulation
Liu, Xudong, Hao Chen, Teng Li, and Yiwen Sun. “Low-voltage driven graphene-loaded metal wire grating device in total internal reflection geometry for broadband THz modulation.”
Terahertz modulators with capability of both intensity and phase are essential for THz imaging and communication systems. The low-voltage driven THz modulation technique is crucial for integrating the modulators with electronics components. There is still a lack of broadband devices able to achieve both amplitude and phase modulation with low voltage, due to the underlying physics behind existing approaches. Here, we demonstrate a graphene-loaded metal wire grating THz modulator in the total internal reflection geometry to achieve intensity modulation of 80% and phase modulation of 70 degree within 3 volts gate voltage. Quite different from using the strategy of metamaterials based on the electromagnetic resonance effects, our design has performed a broadband modulation for over 1 THz bandwidth.
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