Structure–dynamic properties relationships in poly (ethylene oxide) nanocomposites: dielectric relaxation study
Mohamed, F., Talaat A. Hameed, A. M. Abdelghany, and G. Turky. “Structure–dynamic properties relationships in poly (ethylene oxide)/silicon dioxide nanocomposites: dielectric relaxation study.” Polymer Bulletin (2020): 1-19.
Films of polyethylene oxide (PEO) filled with silicon dioxide (SiO2) were synthesized via casting method. The formation of the PEO/SiO2 nanocomposites was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) measurements. The XRD patterns confirmed that increasing SiO2 in semicrystalline PEO enhances the amorphousity and causes a disturbance in the crystalline phase. The influence of the SiO2 on the dielectric relaxation spectra of PEO in wide temperature and frequency ranges was investigated. Two molecular relaxation processes are observed: main (α-) and secondary (β-) relaxations. For the α-process, the process slowed down with adding SiO2 fillers reflecting an increase in the glass transition temperature, Tg. This trend was also verified by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The findings indicated that adding SiO2 restricted the motion of PEO segments, while such changes were not observed in the glassy state. Further, the attenuation of the electric field of the terahertz waves passed through PEO/SiO2 samples was evaluated. In the terahertz range, the resonant peaks of PEO originated from lattice vibration feature the complex dielectric function. These peaks were weakened broadened and red-shifted by increasing of SiO2 concentrations.
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