Electrically controllable terahertz metamaterials with large tunabilities and low operating electric fields using electrowetting-on-dielectric cells
Harry Miyosi Silalahi, Yi-Hong Shih, Shih-Hung Lin, Yi-Ting Chen, Wan-Yi Wei, Pei-Ling Chao, and Chia-Yi Huang, “Electrically controllable terahertz metamaterials with large tunabilities and low operating electric fields using electrowetting-on-dielectric cells,” Opt. Lett. 46, 5962-5965 (2021).
A simple method that is compatible with all geometrical structures of terahertz (THz) metamaterials for increasing their frequency tunabilities and decreasing their operating electric fields is proposed. This method uses the displacement of glycerol droplets with various volumes to tune the resonance frequency of a THz metamaterial in an electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) cell. The experimental results reveal that the THz metamaterial has a large frequency tunability of 28% at an operating electric field that is smaller than 0.2 V/µm as the glycerol droplets move in and out of the path of a THz beam. The frequency tunability is large because the near field of the metamaterial “experiences” a large difference between the refractive indices of glycerol and air. The EWOD cell with the THz metamaterial is a great achievement for developing electrically controllable band-stop filters with large frequency tunabilities and small operating electric fields.
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